The albino Doberman

As you may know, there are albino dobermans. For several years some people believed that their white coat was a very diluted color, since some albino dobermans dresses had color variations between cream and white and they did not have red eyes like some Albino animals (mice, rabbits). Many have taken the opportunity to create a rarity effect with this difference, and even today breeders reproduce in order to obtain “rare” so-called special colours and therefore, sell at high prices without worrying about the other issues and problems caused by this genetic disease.
We can give them the benefit of the doubt because at the time there was no DNA test to check the correlation between albinism and diseases. However, today, there is one to screen for the SLC45A2 mutation, which is also known to cause albinism in humans and horses. The test allows us to check if the dog is Clear, Carrier or Albinistic. And what a surprise, we quickly realize that the white Dobermans are in fact affected by albinism and not by a special colour, or by extreme dilution. So now, let’s call them by their real names, not white/cream/diluted dobermans but Albino dobermans. As we now know that they have albinism, there would be no technical reason to reproduce them, because the purpose of a responsible breeder is to improve the genetics of his lineage, not to take advantage of a genetic problem and in addition redeploy it in the population.
Several laboratories offer the test for albinism. Paw Print Genetics, Embark have even added it to the Doberman Diversity Project and UC Davis Veterinary
Link to the test and explanation of UC Davis Veterinary Medicine :  https://www.vgl.ucdavis.edu/services/dog/OCADoberman.php

Where do the Dobermans Albinos come from?

The first Doberman albino to be registered by the AKC (American Kennel Club) was Padula’s Queen Shebah.
Shebah was born in November 1976. His parents were two normal colored dogs, Rasputin VI and Dynamo Humm. It is interesting to note that Shebah breeders have claimed that Rasputin and Dynamo Humm produced an albino male in a previous litter; however, this dog died at a young age, and as far as I know, there is no solid evidence that he was really the same colour as Shebah, or even that he existed.
In the 1980s, Padula’s Queen Sheba gave birth to 2 Albino puppies (two males), among other black/fire puppies. Later, Shebah was bred to one of her Albino sons and produced 2 other albino females.
This is the foundation of the albino Dobermans.
All albino Dobermans who have been registered by the AKC are the descendants of a single founding female, Padula’s Queen Shebah. About 11,300 descendants have been registered with the AKC over the past 28 years, of which about 1830 were albinos. The remaining 9470 or so are presumed to carry the Oculocutaneous Albinism (OCA) gene. All descendants are now tracked through the z list, which records all dobermans descended from Shebah’s parents and registered with the AKC.
You can find the full story here : https://dpca.org/BreedEd/albino-doberman-history/

Here is a positive result on the Oculocutaneous Albinism (OCA) test. Amy Eiler, the owner of ASPEN, had the test done precisely to prove that the white Dobermans were actually Albinos. Amy opposes the reproduction of these dogs and informs people about the problems experienced with Albino dogs (skin cancer, tumours to be removed regularly, hypersensitivity of the eyes…). Note that Amy did not buy Aspen, she is a shelter for dobermans in Louisiana.

Doberman friends… Oh, this could be really bad. Received some information this morning about a certain Hollywood…

Posted by Amy Hill Eiler on Friday, 12 April 2019

Albinism is a genetic disorder that causes melatonin, the pigment that gives colour to animal tissue, not to be produced in normal quantities or to prevent its distribution in normal quantities.
Albinism can cause an animal to produce pigments in quantities ranging from almost none to only a slight difference from normal. Albino Dobermans generally have a completely white coat, blue eyes, paw pads, nose, mouth, skin and pink mucous membranes. Doberman albinos lack pigment in their bodies to protect themselves from the sun. For this reason, albino dobermans can easily be burned by the sun and their eyes are very sensitive to sunlight.
In addition to the obvious problems of not having melatonin pigment to protect the body, the genes responsible for albinism are closely linked to other genes. These genes are responsible for other body functions not related to pigmentation, such as liver, kidney and blood functions, where problems can develop.
In addition, behavioural problems have been observed in Dobermans suffering from albinism. These Dobermans had problems with aggressiveness and adaptation to new situations.
Regardless of the obvious afflictions suffered by the Doberman albinos, there are breeders who breed these rare colours. Such unhealthy livestock practices create their own problems. The best way to produce a white Doberman is to reproduce two albino Dobermans together. This practice makes it possible to further isolate genes and increase their probability of expression. This simply means that the more White Dobermans are bred together, the more likely their recessive genetic problems are to appear.

Our stand towards the Dobermans Albinos?

Whether it is for albinos or a non-standard / rare / special colour, it is difficult, even impossible for us to imagine that the breeders who produce them voluntarily and in order to obtain these colours, have done all their homework before breeding dogs.
As you have seen from the Doberman’s health information, these dogs already have many hereditary health problems that we must take into consideration and try to avoid before creating a marriage between two breeders. And we only talk about the health portion because we must also consider temperament, conformation and inbreeding rate. If above all this we must also select to obtain a specific gene that comes to us from the same female (so dogs very closely related to each other), we completely leave the definition of what it is to be an ethical breeder or responsible Breeder.
Reproducing by exploiting a genetic problem in order to obtain this problem in larger quantities is the opposite of what a responsible breeder should do, namely, reproduce for the best, for health and to improve the breed.
Understand that for us, all dogs deserve a family, to be loved, respected and to live happily regardless of race or colour. What we deplore here are the people who produce dogs for the purpose of selling them, for the purpose of making money and exposing them as a rare trophy. There are no albino dobermans, Melanistic, King (insert any marketing description here) who come from ethical and responsible breeders.
We also regret that these people continue to lie with impunity about the origin of the dog’s colour, because some producers continue to say that they are not albino but persist in not testing or showing the results of the tests for albinism. In addition, they present arguments that can convince someone who is less familiar with the subject: “my dogs have always been healthy”, “the vet says they are healthy”, “I have never had any problems”, “those who are against the white Doberman are just jealous”, and so on. Well, so much the better if some specific albino individuals can live a normal life. But is it responsible to take such a risk? To meet a mother and her offspring? To exploit a genetic defect for… what, and who, after all?