Albinism is a genetic disorder that causes melatonin, the pigment that gives colour to animal tissue, not to be produced in normal quantities or to prevent its distribution in normal quantities.
Albinism can cause an animal to produce pigments in quantities ranging from almost none to only a slight difference from normal. Albino Dobermans generally have a completely white coat, blue eyes, paw pads, nose, mouth, skin and pink mucous membranes. Doberman albinos lack pigment in their bodies to protect themselves from the sun. For this reason, albino dobermans can easily be burned by the sun and their eyes are very sensitive to sunlight.
In addition to the obvious problems of not having melatonin pigment to protect the body, the genes responsible for albinism are closely linked to other genes. These genes are responsible for other body functions not related to pigmentation, such as liver, kidney and blood functions, where problems can develop.
In addition, behavioural problems have been observed in Dobermans suffering from albinism. These Dobermans had problems with aggressiveness and adaptation to new situations.
Regardless of the obvious afflictions suffered by the Doberman albinos, there are breeders who breed these rare colours. Such unhealthy livestock practices create their own problems. The best way to produce a white Doberman is to reproduce two albino Dobermans together. This practice makes it possible to further isolate genes and increase their probability of expression. This simply means that the more White Dobermans are bred together, the more likely their recessive genetic problems are to appear.
Our stand towards the Dobermans Albinos?
Whether it is for albinos or a non-standard / rare / special colour, it is difficult, even impossible for us to imagine that the breeders who produce them voluntarily and in order to obtain these colours, have done all their homework before breeding dogs.
As you have seen from the Doberman’s health information, these dogs already have many hereditary health problems that we must take into consideration and try to avoid before creating a marriage between two breeders. And we only talk about the health portion because we must also consider temperament, conformation and inbreeding rate. If above all this we must also select to obtain a specific gene that comes to us from the same female (so dogs very closely related to each other), we completely leave the definition of what it is to be an ethical breeder or responsible Breeder.
Reproducing by exploiting a genetic problem in order to obtain this problem in larger quantities is the opposite of what a responsible breeder should do, namely, reproduce for the best, for health and to improve the breed.
Understand that for us, all dogs deserve a family, to be loved, respected and to live happily regardless of race or colour. What we deplore here are the people who produce dogs for the purpose of selling them, for the purpose of making money and exposing them as a rare trophy. There are no albino dobermans, Melanistic, King (insert any marketing description here) who come from ethical and responsible breeders.
We also regret that these people continue to lie with impunity about the origin of the dog’s colour, because some producers continue to say that they are not albino but persist in not testing or showing the results of the tests for albinism. In addition, they present arguments that can convince someone who is less familiar with the subject: “my dogs have always been healthy”, “the vet says they are healthy”, “I have never had any problems”, “those who are against the white Doberman are just jealous”, and so on. Well, so much the better if some specific albino individuals can live a normal life. But is it responsible to take such a risk? To meet a mother and her offspring? To exploit a genetic defect for… what, and who, after all?